It’s the way in which one part of the body (the gland) tells another part of the body (the target cell) to do something important. It influence reproduction, metabolism, growth and many other functions.
The major glands of the endocrine system include the pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland and adrenal glands.
The Healing Guide mobile app offers music for opening each chakra.
Pineal gland : Crown Chakra
House of spirit – gateway of the void
It controls the other glands and is the spiritual center of the body, being associated with consciousness and intuition.
This is the topmost gland of the endocrine system and, interestingly, it is affected by light and talks to the body about light. It is no coincidence that this gland is situated close to where spiritual light enters the body at a subtle level.
The pineal gland lies behind and above the hypothalamus. It is indirectly sensitive to light. As daylight fades to darkness, the pineal gland secretes the hormone melatonin. As daylight returns, secretion stops. During the winter months, melatonin secretion is higher than in summer. Thus, the pineal gland acts like a body clock and informs the body of the rhythm of day and night and the passing of the seasons. This important hormone (melatonin) has been found to play a role in sexual functioning and energy levels in general. It is also a powerful anti-oxidant protecting the body from age-causing free radicals.
The pineal gland is closely related to the nervous system, although no nerve cells have been found in it.
Pituitary gland : Brow Chakra
House of intelligence – gateway of liberation
It controls intelligence, wisdom and memory.
The pituitary gland is approximately the size of a peanut, sits just beneath the brain and is the most important gland in the body. It consists of an anterior and posterior lobe. The anterior lobe produces six hormones responsible for growth, for activating the breasts to produce milk, for stimulating the thyroid, the adrenals, the ovaries and the testes. The posterior lobe produces hormones that act on the kidneys and stimulate the uterine contractions in childbirth.
The Hypothalamus (important for longevity as it co-ordinates the entire endocrine system) is the main controller of the pituitary gland and the endocrine system and monitors all information about body states. It is the main co-ordinator of the activities of the nervous and endocrine systems and acts as an intermediary between the body and the brain. The hypothalamus communicates with the pituitary gland, either by nerve impulses or by its own hormones. These, in turn, stimulate the pituitary to secrete a range of hormones that have an effect on most of the body’s functions, through the stimulation of other glands and organs.
The Brow chakra and the pituitary gland are important points for treatments in those suffering hormonal imbalances.
Important nutrition for the pituitary gland: Kelp, Dandelion, Bee pollen, Magnesium, Potassium and Spirulina.
Thyroid gland : Throat Chakra
House of growth – gateway of time and space
It controls metabolism and growth.
The thyroid gland is situated in the lower neck and consists of two lobes, one on each side of the trachea, joined by a thin strand of thyroid tissue. It produces the hormone thyroxine which controls the rate at which chemical reactions occur in the body.
An essential constituent of thyroxine is the chemical iodine. The hypothalamus controls the thyroid output indirectly. It does this by influencing the pituitary hormones that reach the thyroid.
The thyroid gland controls the rate of metabolism (used for fuel) and body growth. Embedded in each of the four corners the thyroid gland is a parathyroid gland that is approximately the size of a pea. These glands produce the parathyroid hormone that, together with Vitamin D, controls the level of calcium and phosphorus in the blood by breaking down of bone cells to release these minerals into the blood. A hormone from the thyroid has the opposite effect that builds up bone.
Thymus Gland : Heart Chakra
House of the heart – gateway of the winds
It governs the heart and circulation. The thymus gland was given its name by Galen in the second century AD because of its resemblance to a bunch of thyme flowers.
The thymus gland has two lobes and lies in the upper part of the chest. It consists largely of lymphoid tissue and plays a part in the formation of lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.
The thymus gland shrinks as we reach puberty and may even atrophy later on.
The thymus gland is closely related to the body’s immune system. In childhood it controls the production of white blood cells, the ‘T’ lymphocytes that fights infections and foreign bodies in the lymphatic system.
It is known that the thymus helps the immune system adapt to various threats. “T” cells are white blood cells that have are activated by the thymus. The thymus also produces a number of different compounds that help strengthen the immune system.
The following are very important for the proper functioning of this gland: Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, Zinc and Selenium.
Pancreas : Solar Plexus Chakra
The house of transcendence – gateway of the sun
The pancreas is situated at the back of the abdomen behind the lower part of the stomach. It is composed of tubes of columnar cells. Scattered throughout these cells are collections of cells known as the islets of Langerhans. These cells produce insulin. The main function of the pancreas is the formation of pancreatic juices that contain the enzymes needed to digest proteins, convert starchy foods and to break up fats. The insulin produced by the islets of Langerhans is secreted directly into the bloodstream to utilize sugars.
The pancreas controls the digestive system, body temperature and levels of blood sugar. With a weak pancreas there is hypoglycemia (low levels of blood sugar), which leads to a craving for sugary foods, so causing hyperglycemia (high levels of blood sugar).
Uva Ursi is an excellent remedy for pancreas problems.
Adrenal glands : Root Chakra
House of water – gateway of earth
There are two adrenal glands, each approximately 5cm in length. They are located on top of each kidney.
Each adrenal consists of the medulla (the inner layer) and the cortex (the outer layer). Out of the 50 hormones the adrenals make, only cortisone and adrenaline are well known. Some of these hormones must be produced to preserve life, while others help to resist stress. Other hormones from the adrenals control normal energy output (together with the thyroid) and govern the breakdown of stored energy into quick energy sources.
The medulla, stimulated by the brain, produces adrenaline and noradrenaline, two hormones that play an important part in controlling blood pressure and heart rate. The cortex produces three types of steroid hormones which are responsible for chemical balance in the body, the conversion of carbohydrates into glycogen in the liver and the production of the male and female sex hormones. (these sex hormones are also produced by the ovaries and the testes).
The adrenal glands control the potassium / sodium balance – that is vital for energy production – in the body and help prepare the body for emergencies through the secretion of adrenaline.
People who suffer from anxiety have high blood levels of lactate resulting from glucose metabolism. Panic attacks have been initiated by infusing lactate into anxious people, but the same infusions have no effect on normal people. This indicates that some people actually accumulate lactate, and an added amount then pushes them into panic. Anxious people also have higher lactate levels after exercise than others. Lactate normally accumulates with exercise but is slowly cleared when the exercise ceases.
A lack of Vitamin B, Calcium and Magnesium can cause lactate accumulation.
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5) stimulates the adrenal glands and increases production of cortisone and other adrenal hormones important for healthy skin and nerves.
Cortico-steroid hormones (released from the adrenal glands in stress) depress the function of the immune system. The Thymus, Spleen and Lymphatic glands cease to react to infection and start recognizing good food as foreign.
Food allergies are a major factor in lactate accumulation. Avoid all sugar, refined grains and cereals, milk caffeine and alcohol, as they increase lactate levels. Reduce fruit and avoid fruit juice, as fructose also increases lactate.
The following herbs strengthen the adrenal glands: Ginseng and Liquorice.
Ovaries : Sacral Chakra
The house of essence – gateway of the moon
It governs the ovaries and breasts in the female.
The ovaries in females control sexual development and maturity and the production of eggs.
Testes : Sacral Chakra
The house of essence – gateway of the moon
It governs the testes and prostate in the male.
The testes in males control sexual development and maturity and the production of sperm.
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